Zolakwitsa 9 Zomwe Anthu Amakonda Kujambula - Ndi Momwe Mungazikonzere

Zolakwa 9 Zomwe Anthu Amakonda Kujambula - Ndipo Zikonzereni

Ngati ndinu wojambula zithunzi, mwakhala mukudabwa momwe mungapangire zithunzi zanu kuti ziwoneke bwino ngati zomwe akatswiri amachita. Koma pali zidule zingapo zomwe mungagwiritse ntchito kupititsa patsogolo zithunzi zanu ndikuchepetsa kuchuluka kwazomwe muyenera kuchita nazo mtsogolo.

 

> Ndinayendera mzinda wa New York patsiku lozizira komanso lamvula mu February ndi katswiri wojambula zithunzi Lin Pernille Kristensen. Mabizinesi ake ambiri amachokera pakujambula maukwati ndi ma bar mitzvahs, chifukwa chake amakhala ndi nthawi yochulukirapo yopanga maphunziro kukhala abwino. Tidayerekezera zithunzi zathu zamaphunziro omwewo ndipo adandiuza komwe ndalakwitsa.

Pa ntchitoyi ndidagwiritsa ntchito Canon EOS 400D (Digital Rebel XTi) DSLR ndi iPhone 6. Kamera siyothandizanso Canon, koma ndikuganiza kuti sindine ndekha amene ndili ndi DSLR yakale. Ndi kamera ya megapixel 10,1 yomwe ikupitilira iPhone yanga ndipo imalola kuwombera kodziwika kwambiri.

Kristensen adagwiritsa ntchito Nikon D750. Ngakhale kamera yanu ndiyotsogola kwambiri kuposa yanga ndipo imaphatikiza zaka zingapo zakusintha, malangizo omwe mudandipatsa atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazonse zomwe zajambulidwa.

Malamulo Oyambirira Ojambula: Mapepala Oonera

Choyamba, matanthauzidwe ena ali oyenera:

Mtunda woyenda: Kuyeza kwamphamvu komwe kumatsimikizira kuchuluka kwa zomwe mumawona patsogolo panu kumagwidwa ndi mandala anu amamera.

Imani F: Nambalayi ikufotokozera kuchuluka kwa mandala omwe amalowetsamo, komanso chimango chomwe mukufuna kuyang'ana. Nambala yocheperako (monga f / 2,8), kuwala kumalowanso (kulola nthawi yowonekera mwachidule), koma mudzakhala ndi gawo lochepa. Zinthu zomwe zili patali kwenikweni zomwe mukuyang'ana zidzakhala zakuthwa, koma chilichonse chomwe chili kutsogolo kapena kumbuyo sichidzasangalatsa.

> Nthawi yowonetsera: Umu ndi momwe shutter imakhala yotseguka kwanthawi yayitali. Chotsekera chimatseguka nthawi yayitali, chithunzi chimakhala chowala kwambiri. Koma ngati mungasiye patali kwambiri, chithunzicho chimatha. Mosiyana ndi izi, kuwonekera kwakanthawi kumazizira kuyenda, koma pang'onopang'ono kwambiri chithunzicho chidzawoneka chakuda.

> ISO: M'mbuyomu, izi zimadziwika kuti "liwiro lamakanema." Unali mulingo woti filimuyo imveke bwino. ISO yayikulu imatanthawuza kukhudzidwa kwambiri ndi kuwala, koma tradeoff ndikuti zithunzi ndizoyenda. ISO yotsika imatanthauza chithunzi chocheperako, koma muyenera kuyika shutter nthawi yayitali kuti mupeze kuwala kokwanira.

> Kuti mumve tsatanetsatane wa mawuwa, mwa ena, onani zakumapeto kwa kamera yathu.

Cholakwika Nambala 1: Osachotsa zopinga.

Tinatenga chithunzi cha Nyumba Yomanga ku Union Square. "Onani zinthu zomwe zili kutsogolo kwa nyumbayi," adatero a Pernille Kristensen. Nthawi zambiri m'misewu, ojambula ojambula amatenga chithunzi cha nyumba yokhala ndi magalimoto ndi magalimoto patsogolo pake. Limenelo si lingaliro labwino, chifukwa limasokonekera pamutu weniweni wa chithunzicho (nyumbayo). Yesetsani kudziyika nokha m'njira yochepetsera zolepheretsa pamutuwu ndikudikirira miniti kuti anthu adutse kuti atenge chithunzicho, Kristensen adati.

> Vuto lina ndi mizere: Khalani owongoka komanso owongoka. Nthawi zina mandala amamera (kutengera kutalika kwake) zimapangitsa mizere kupindika pang'ono. Ngakhale mphamvu ya fisheye itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera, zotsatira zochepa zimatha kupangitsa chithunzi chanu cha zomangamanga kukhala "chosasangalatsa." Vutoli limatha kuchitika ndi mandala akutali, Kristensen adati. Gwiritsani ntchito mandala a 50mm (kapena ofanana 50mm) ngati mukufuna kupewa kupotoza.

Langizo la Bonasi: Ngati mungakwere mpaka kutalika komwe kumakumananso ndi pakati pa nyumba, mutha kuchepetsa zopindika zazing'ono zomwe zimayambitsidwa ndi magalasi ozungulira.

Cholakwika # 2: Kulola magalimoto kudziwa ISO ndi f-stop.

Tinajambula zithunzi pa siteshoni yapansi panthaka ya Union Square kuti tiwonetse zomwe zimachitika mdima, kuwala kwa fulorosenti. M'chithunzithunzi changa, galimoto yasitima yapansi panthaka ndiyosokonekera ndipo chithunzicho chakuchepa; Ndinawombera ndi ISO ya 400, f-stop (kutsegula) kwa f / 4, ndi liwiro la shutter la 1 / 60th yachiwiri. Kusuntha kumawoneka, koma chithunzicho chikuwoneka ngati chatengedwa ndi fyuluta ya sepia.

Kuwombera kwa Kristensen ndikopepuka kwambiri. Adakweza ISO mpaka 3200, ndikugwiritsa ntchito liwiro lofulumira la 1/160 lachiwiri ndi f-stop f / 3,5. Adanenanso kuti poyesa kujambula kuwombera mdima, ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito nthawi yayifupi chifukwa imachepetsa kusokonekera komwe kumachitika chifukwa cha kamera yomwe imagwedezeka. (Komabe, kuchepa pang'ono ndikutsatsa.)

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Cholakwika Na. 3: Kugwiritsa ntchito kungowonjezera.

Nthawi zambiri, ngati mutayesa kujambula zithunzi pang'onopang'ono ndipo kamera yanu imangodziyenda yokha, imadzatsegula posachedwa. Izi sizimabweretsa zithunzi zabwino nthawi zonse. Ndinajambula chithunzi cha Kristensen ndikugwiritsa ntchito Canon yanga ndikuzimitsa pang'onopang'ono. Pachithunzi chimodzi, akuyang'ana koma maziko ake ndi akuda.

Mukuwombera kwachiwiri, kumbuyo kumawonekera kwambiri ndipo kumawoneka mowala kwambiri, koma pali zosunthika zina. Kuwombera koyamba kunawonekera pa 1 / 60th yachiwiri, pomwe wachiwiri anali 1 / 13th wachiwiri - ndipo kusiyana kwake ndikowonekera.

Pankhaniyi Kristensen amagwiritsa ntchito ISO yayikulu, otsika f-stop komanso liwiro lotsekera mwachangu. Imaikanso aliyense pachithunzicho, ndikupewa kugwiritsa ntchito kung'anima. Pa f / 3,5, ISO 3200 ndi 1/160 yachiwiri, chithunzicho chimawoneka bwino komanso chimayang'ana kwambiri pamutuwu. Palinso zowonjezera zina, koma potengera izi, sikokwanira kuthana ndi chithunzicho.

Cholakwika Na. 4: Kuopseza nyama zakutchire.

Zinyama zakutchire zimafunikira makulitsidwe abwino (telephoto). "Mbalame zimayenda mukamayandikira, chifukwa chake mukufuna kuti zifike momwe zingathere," adatero Kristensen. Mfundo ina yofunika ndi kuzama kwa munda. Izi zimabwera kwambiri, koma mukawombera mitu ngati mbalame, ndizofunikira kwambiri chifukwa zimalola chidwi kukhala pamutuwu. Mwakutero, manambala otsika a f ndichinsinsi.

> Chithunzi cha Kristensen chidatengedwa pa f / 4.5 ndi ISO 200. (Nthawi yowonekera siyofunika pang'ono kuwunika masana, chifukwa kusiyana sikudzakhala kwakukulu pakati pa f-stop.)

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Kuchokera pakuwonekera, pali "lamulo lachitatu." "Mugawaniza chithunzichi magawo atatu, molunjika kapena molunjika," adatero Kristensen, ndikuyika mutuwo pafupi ndi mphambano yakomwe mizereyo imakumana. Mpheta zili m'gawo lachitatu lamanja, zomwe zimayang'ana kwambiri kutsogolo, zomwe zimakopa chidwi chanu pamenepo. Mizere yaku bank ikuyenda kumanzere, kulowera komwe ikutha, adatero.

Malangizo omwewo amagwiranso ntchito posaka mitengo ndi maluwa, omwe amakhala osasunthika. "Sankhani china chake chomwe chimakhala chithunzichi," adatero. Ndinasankha zipatso zambiri.

Kulakwitsa Na. 5: Kukhala mbali "yoyipa" ya chakudya.

Ndidatenga chithunzi cha muffin wanga wa chorizo ​​ku Starbucks, mchipinda chonyezimira. Ndi kunyezimira, mithunzi yolimba idapangitsa sangweji yanga kuwoneka ngati yosakondweretsanso, ndipo ngakhale popanda kung'anima, chikaso chachikaso sichinkakondera.

Kristensen adakonzeranso chakudya patebulo pang'ono, kuti awombere bwino. Adalangiza kuwonetsetsa kuti zinthu zakumbuyo sizili pachithunzicho. Anachotsanso chikwama chomwe anali kugwiritsira ntchito ngati mbale.

Apa, popeza kuwala kunali kochepa, adakweza ISO mpaka 1250. Anatsikitsanso f-stop mpaka 2.2, koma izi zidapangitsa kuti chikho cha Starbucks chisakhale chowonekera. Ngati mukufuna kuti chakudya chonse chikhale chakuthwa, sankhani f-stop, koma muyenera kutsegula shutter nthawi yayitali. Popeza ichi ndi chithunzi chamoyo chonse, ndikofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito katatu kapena nsanja yokhazikika pomwe kamera imatha kupumula.

Zotsatira zake: Itha kukhala chorizo ​​muffin, koma ndi chorizo ​​muffin wabwino.

Cholakwika Na. 6: Kuopa kusokonekera pakuwombera.

Ku Central Park, ndinatenga zithunzi za oyendetsa njinga zamoto akudutsa, koma zithunzi zanga sizikuwonetsa mayendedwe amenewo; oyendetsa njinga zamoto ndi osasintha, osaganizira pang'ono momwe akuthamangira. Zinali choncho chifukwa kamera yanga, yotsalira yokha, sinayang'ane pa chinthu chimodzi chokha.

"> Mutu ukatsatiridwa, maziko atha kusokonekera, koma izi zimapereka mayendedwe," atero a Kristensen. F-nambala yaying'ono imalola liwiro lakutsekera mwachangu, komanso imayang'anitsitsa njinga yamoto yoyenda chifukwa zinthu zina sizinayang'anitsidwe, adatero. Ojambula pamasewera amachita izi pafupipafupi, pogwiritsa ntchito magalasi ataliatali kuti azitha kuyang'ana pa wosewera m'modzi ndikuti mbiriyo iwoneke ngati yosavuta. Njira inanso ndikugwiritsa ntchito liwiro lakutsekera pang'onopang'ono ndikusunthira kamera momwe mutu umadutsira.

Cholakwika Na. 7: Kudalira njira yamagalimoto pakuwombera mkati.

Mwayi wake ndikuti, ngati mukupita kokacheza ndi tchalitchi chodziwika bwino, mudzafuna chithunzi chabwino cha zenera lamagalasi kapena mkati mwa nyumbayo. Apa ndipomwe kugwiritsa ntchito makonda a kamera kungakhale kofunikira, chifukwa zosintha zokha nthawi zambiri zimasiya kuyatsa.

> Koma monga mukuwonera pachithunzi chomwe ndidatenga pazenera la St. Patrick's Cathedral, zosintha zokha sizingathandize. "Ndi mdima chifukwa kung'anima sikupita patali," chifukwa chake zotsatira zake ndi chithunzi chakuda, Kristensen adati. Zomwezi zidachitikanso pomwe ndimathamangitsa sitimayo ndimayatsa. "Zikuwoneka kuti zili pamipando yakutsogolo," adatero.

Izi ndi zomwe Kristensen ananena. Choyamba, zimitsani kung'anima. Kenako kwezani ISO ndikutsitsa f-stop, ndikuloleza kuyatsa. Tsekani magetsi oyimilira achiwiri. Sungani zowonekera mwachidule, kuti muchepetse kuyenda. (Gwiritsani ntchito chinthu chokhazikika kuti muthe kuwombera ngati shutter ikuyenda motalika kuposa 1/40 yachiwiri.)

Cholakwika Na. 8: Kuopa Chidule

Msika wa alimi umapereka mwayi wambiri wojambula. Komabe, Kristensen adati pali zovuta zingapo momwe ndimayandikira zithunzi za maapulo nthawi ina, ndi radishi inayo.

"Sankhani chipatso kuti chikhale chithunzithunzi," adatero. "Pita pang'ono pang'ono." Anasunthanso apulo wobiriwira pang'ono kuti awonetse mbali yake yabwino - kachiwiri, "kujambula" chithunzi. Pa radishes, adayandikira pafupi ndikugwiritsa ntchito mitundu ndi mawonekedwe kuti asawone kwenikweni.

Cholakwika Na. 9: Kulola kusankha kwanu kupita kumdima.

Sankhani mtundu wa kuwombera momwe foni yam'manja imatulutsira kamera ya digito ya DSLR. Inemwini ndimawonekera bwino ndipo zinali zosavuta kuchita. Komabe, muyenera kusamala ndi zinthu zakumbuyo zomwe "zimakula" pamutu panu, ndikuganiza za gwero lowalako.

Ngati mwabwerera m'mbuyo (mwachitsanzo, ngati pali zenera kapena dzuwa kumbuyo kwanu), nkhope zitha kuwoneka zakuda. Kapena, kunyezimira kumatha kuyaka, ndikupanga mithunzi yolimba. "Ponena za kuwunika kosyasyalika, yang'anani komwe mungapezeko magetsi mwachindunji," adatero.

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